Esther Nenadi Usman on Creating a Functional Nigerian Government at State and Local Level

February 13, 2018 - Business
Esther Nenadi Usman on Creating a Functional Nigerian Government at State and Local Level

Esther Nenadi Usman loves her country, which is why she wants to represent Nigeria on a political level. Abuja is the country’s capital, from which 774 local governments and 36 states are governed. These states and local areas were created by military regimes, which is why there has never been a civilian administration yet. According to Usman, creating state or local governments is constitutional under the present dispensation. Specifically, it is covered under the amended 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Section 8.

How to Create a Local Government According to Esther Nenadi Usman

There is a clear procedure to create a local government, which starts at the state’s House of Assembly. There, a bill has to be proposed and eventually passed into law. This happens if 2/3 of the members ask for the local government to be formed. Before it can be passed, however, 2/3 of the people in the area also have to agree to the creation of a local government, which is done through a referendum.

A local government is then not yet created, because the boundary of the area has to be adjusted. Again, this requires 2/3 of the members to agree. Furthermore, they have to inform the National Assembly.

How to Create a State According to Esther Nenadi Usman

Creating a new state is slightly more complex. An Act has to be passed by the House of Representatives and the State, who form the National Assembly. They do this if they receive an official request supported by 2/3 of members of the area, the House of Representatives, the Senate, the area’s House of Assembly, and the area’s councils. If these all come forward, then a referendum will be held, which must have a 2/3 majority to be passed. After that, it must be approved in the House of Assembly, and, finally, by the National Assembly.

Then, the boundary will have to be adjusted between the state so that the new state can actually be created. Again, this request must be supported by 2/3 of the members of the area that wish for the boundary to be changed, as well as the House of Representatives, the Senate, the House of Assembly, and all local government councils that will be affected. If they have this, then the adjustment can be approved by the National Assembly and House of Assembly. Finally, an act has to be passed that changes the constitutions so that the new areas are properly listed.

Clearly, both are very lengthy and complex processes, not to mention expensive ones. It is also for that reason that it almost never happens. Esther Nenadi Usman has no interest in redefining the internal boundaries of Nigeria anyway. What she aims to do is unifying Nigeria under a single banner, elevating it to the potential it actually has. She aims to do this on both a financial and educational level and believes herself to be the best person to achieve that.

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